Find out Now Which of the Following are Criteria for Selecting a Shelter Site

When it comes to selecting a shelter site, there are several important criteria to consider. As someone who has spent years studying and researching this topic, I can confidently say that choosing the right location for your shelter is crucial for your safety and well-being. In this article, I’ll be sharing the top criteria that you should keep in mind when selecting a shelter site. From assessing the terrain to considering proximity to resources, we’ll cover it all. So, if you’re interested in learning how to make an informed decision when it comes to shelter site selection, keep reading!

One of the first criteria to consider when selecting a shelter site is the terrain. It’s important to choose a location that is on higher ground and away from potential flood zones. Additionally, the terrain should be stable and not prone to landslides or other natural hazards. By carefully assessing the terrain, you can ensure that your shelter will be secure and protected during times of crisis.

Another crucial criterion is the proximity to resources. When selecting a shelter site, it’s important to choose a location that is close to essential resources such as water, food, and medical supplies. Being near these resources will not only make survival easier but also increase your chances of receiving assistance in case of an emergency. So, keep an eye out for areas that have access to clean water sources and are within a reasonable distance from food and medical facilities.

Which of the Following are Criteria for Selecting a Shelter Site

Geographic location

When it comes to selecting a shelter site, geographic location is a crucial criterion to consider. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • Elevation: Choosing a location on higher ground can help mitigate the risk of flooding, especially in areas prone to heavy rains or near bodies of water. It’s important to avoid flood zones and low-lying areas that are susceptible to water accumulation.
  • Terrain: Assessing the terrain is essential for ensuring the stability and safety of the shelter site. Avoid areas with steep slopes, loose soil, or potential hazards such as rockfalls or landslides.


Another important criterion for selecting a shelter site is accessibility. Here are a few factors to consider:

  • Transportation: Look for a site that is easily accessible by various means of transportation, including cars, trucks, and emergency vehicles. This will ensure that aid and supplies can be efficiently delivered to the shelter.
  • Road networks: Consider the proximity to major roads and highways, as well as the condition of local road networks. It’s important to choose a site that is not prone to frequent disruptions or difficult to access during an emergency.

Proximity to resources

Selecting a shelter site that is close to essential resources is vital for the well-being of the shelter occupants. Here are some key resources to consider:

  • Water: Choose a site that has a nearby and reliable water source, such as a river, lake, or groundwater. Access to clean drinking water is crucial for survival and sanitation purposes.
  • Food: Look for a shelter site that is in proximity to food sources, such as grocery stores, markets, or agricultural areas. This will make it easier to stock up on supplies and ensure a steady food supply during an emergency.
  • Medical facilities: Consider the proximity to medical facilities, such as hospitals or clinics. In case of injuries or medical emergencies, quick access to healthcare resources can be life-saving.

Environmental Factors to Consider

Natural Hazards

When selecting a shelter site, it is crucial to consider the natural hazards that may pose a threat to the safety of the occupants. Some of the key natural hazards to evaluate include earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, and wildfires. These events can cause significant damage to structures and put lives at risk. It’s important to choose a shelter site that is located in an area with a low risk of these natural hazards.

Soil Quality

The quality of the soil at a shelter site is an essential consideration. Different types of soil have varying properties and characteristics that can impact the stability of a shelter. Some soils may be prone to erosion, which can cause structural issues over time. It’s advisable to select a shelter site with good soil quality, such as loam or sandy loam, which provide adequate drainage and stability.

Drainage and Flood Risk

The drainage and flood risk of a shelter site should also be carefully evaluated. Poor drainage can lead to water accumulation and potential flooding, which can pose a significant threat to the safety and well-being of shelter occupants. It’s important to choose a site that is well-drained and has proper infrastructure in place to handle excessive rainwater or flooding.

By considering these environmental factors, we can ensure that the selected shelter site is resilient to natural hazards, has good soil quality, and mitigates drainage and flood risks. These factors play a crucial role in providing a safe and secure shelter for individuals in times of emergency or disaster.

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